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1860 New Philadelphia Federal Census

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Census Number
Name First Name Age Sex Race Occupation *Origin
Real Estate Value
Pers. Prop. Value
1461
Burkhead Abraham 60 M W Farmer PA
1,000
50
Anny S 59 F W Housework MD
Eliza A 19 F W Housework OH
Wesley 16 M W Farmwork IL
(Kirtwright)
Kartwright Daniel 6 M W Blank IL
Anny 3 F W Blank IL
Burkhead Stacy 7 mos F W Blank IL
1462
Hadsell Leander 28 M W Farmwork NY
200
Hariet? 22 F W Housework NY
Samuel 2 M W Blank IL
1463
Barns William 31 M W Farmer PA
800
300
Margaret 31 F W Housework PA
John 7 M W Blank IL
Thomas 5 M W Blank IL
Sarah I 3 F W Blank IL
James 9 mos M W Blank IL
1464
Riley James 45 M W Farmer Ireland
800
400
Sarah 38 F W Housework Ireland
Margaret 9 F W Blank IL
Ellen 7 F W Blank IL
John 5 M W Blank IL
Mary 2 F W Blank IL
Eliza 5 mos F W Blank IL
1465
Ham John 22 M W Farmer KY
300
Phoebe 24 F W Housework OH
Marietta 1 F W Blank IL
Hasford Henry 15 M W Blank IL
1466
Kirtwright Sylvester 24 M W Farmwork IL
200
Nancy 20 F W Housework IN
William 3 M W Blank IL
1467
Walls Milton 43 M W Farmer KY
1,000
600
Elizabeth 40 F W Housework IN
John 15 M W Blank MO
Martha A 14 F W Blank MO
Olive M 6 F W Blank IL
1468
Burdick Abel 29 M W Farmer NY
1,000
250
Mariah 28 F W Housework NY
Lisa 3 F W Blank IL
Delos 1 M W Blank IL
1469
Johnson David 25 M W Farmer OH
150
Delia 180 F W Housework NY
James 11 mos M W Blank IL
1470
Hadsell James 48 M W Farmer MA
2,000
1,500
Ann 48 F W Housework NJ
George 24 M W Laborer NY
Nathan 21 M W Laborer NY
Delia 17 F W Housework IL
Sardenia 14 M W Blank IL
Sarah 16 F W Blank IL
Almanson 12 M W Blank IL
Cornelia 9 F W Blank IL
1471
Hadsell Peter 38 M W Farmer NY
600
250
Margaret 38 F W Housework NY
Almon? 15 M W Blank NY
Albertus 13 M W Blank NY
Taylor Amelia 17 F W Housework MI
1472
Hadsell George 24 M W Laborer? NY
Ruth 18 F W Housework MO
Comstock? Mary 4 F W Housework MO
Samuel 11 M W Blank MO
Frederick 3 M W Blank MO
1473
Burdick Spalding 73 M W Shoemaker RI
400
50
Ann 64 F W Housework MA
1474
Shipman Ruben 69 M W Farmer CT
11,000
2,000
Clarisa 69 F W Housework CT
Classen Adelaide 11 F W Blank IL
1475
Shipman Alfred 27 M W Farmwork CT
Almira 21 F W Housework ME
Maxwell Henry 20 M W Laborer ME
1476
Sackett Asa 51 M W Farmer NY
125
Ivy 41 F W Housework OH
George 19 M W Laborer? IL
John 16 M W Laborer IL
Mary 9 F W Blank IL
Daniel W 7 M W Blank IL
Asa 5 M W Blank IL
Lucinda 3 F W Blank IL
1477
Cobb Arden 31 M W Physican NY
500
200
Emily 25 F W Housework IL
Wilbur 5 M W Blank IL
David 3 M W Blank IL
Albert 1 M W Blank IL
1478
Smith Perry 25 M W School teacher OH
700
150
Emma 18 F W Housework IL
Elvira 2 F W Blank IL
1479
Stevens Lenard 64 M B Laborer MD
Mary 45 F B Blank KY
Joanah 15 F B Blank KY
William 20 M B Laborer KY
Henry T 11 M B Blank KY
1480
Hadsell Stephen 25 M W Farmer NY
50
Keziah 21 F W Housework NY
Lydia 1 F W Blank NY
1481
Burdick Lorenzo 25 M W Farmwork NY
50
Susan Ann 17 F W Blank IL
1482
Baker Sylvester 33 M W Laborer OH
25
Mary 34 F W Housework OH
Josephine 8 F W Blank IL
1483
Clark Alexander 32 M M Blacksmith IN
200
25
Hyley 27 F M Housework KY
Mary I 9 F M Blank IL
Charles 5 M M Blank IL
Lucy 3 F M Blank IL
Eliza Ann 1 F M Blank IL
Miles Samuel 22 M M Laborer TN
1484
Brown Staten 61 M M Carpenter NC
50
Penelope 43 F M Housework NC
Harrison 20 M M Laborer NC
Casius 13 M M Blank IN
John Q. 11 M M Blank IN
Jesse 10 M M Blank IL
Henry 5 M M Blank IL
Hennryetta 5 F M Blank IL
Allen 4 M M Blank IL

 

Analysis of New Philadelphia Federal Census for 1860

The federal census of 1860 indicates that with 114 residents, New Philadelphia's population had grown 96% from its original 58 residents of 1850 and 40% more than its 81 individuals just five years earlier. The town now reported 24 households, 9 or 60% more than the 1855 state census and a staggering 118% more than ten years earlier (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1860.).

The value of real estate cumulatively owned by the 24 households equaled $20,000, or $833 per household. Cumulative personal property amounted to $6,925, or $289 per household (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1860).

Thirty-three individuals, 29 % of the population, were gainfully employed outside the home. Seventeen individuals, 52% of those gainfully employed or 15% of the total population, were occupied with farming. Eleven individuals, 10% of the population and 33% of the entire number of townsfolk, worked as laborers. The occupation field was left blank for the town's 51 children 15 years of age and younger who made up 45% of the town's population, and for 1 adult, Mary Stevens. Housework occupied 26 individuals, 23% of the town's residents (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1860).

As in previous census reports, the majority, 63 individuals or 55%, of the population originated from the Great Lakes region. Those born in Illinois, 50 residents or 44%, dominated New Philadelphia's population. Forty-three of the 50 Illinois born residents, 37% of the population were children 15 years of age or younger. The four Illinois born individuals ranged from 25 to 16 years of age. Twenty-four individuals, 21% of the population, originated from the North East region of the country. The majority of those originating from the North East region, 18 individuals, or 15% of the population were born in New York (U. S. Bureau of the Census 1860; 1990 Omni-Gazetteer of the U.S.). The large number of individuals from the North East region may have come to escape the economic chaos experienced in the East at the time; in pursuit of affordable land available on the frontier; and in answer to advertisements that appeared in east coast newspapers (McCartney 1988). Economic opportunity may also have lured settlers to region. Two of the town's residents, about 2% of the population, were born in Ireland (U.S. Bureau of the Census).

The majority of the New Philadelphia's population, 93 individuals or 82%, were classified as white. The town's five black individuals represented 4% of the total population; 16 mulatto individuals constituted 14% of all townsfolk. New Philadelphia was well ahead of the state of Illinois, however, in its representation of black citizens. The state reported only .4% or 7,628 black individuals, among the total population of 1,711,951 citizens (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1860). Restrictive and prejudicial Black Codes most likely contributed to the low number of black and mulatto individuals residing in the state.

The Burdick, Clark and Hadsell families, whose names appeared on the 1850 federal census, appeared again on the 1860 federal census roster (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1850 and 1860).

 

New Philadelphia Federal Census-1860
Total residents 114
Total households 24
Total value of real estate owned $20,000
Average per household $833
Total Value of Personal Property $6,925
Average per household $289

 

Occupational distribution
Occupation Number Employed Percent of population Percent of employed
Blacksmith 1 1 3
Carpenter 1 1 3
Farmer/farmwork 12 10 36
Farmwork 5 4 15
Laborer 11 10 33
Physician 1 1 3
School teacher 1 1 3
Shoemaker 1 1 3

Total employed outside home

33 29% 100%
Not employed outside home

 

 

 

Housework 26 23%

 

Column left blank 55 48%

 

Total not employed outside home 81 71%

 

 

 

Geographic Distribution: Place of origin
Region State/Country Number Percent of Residents
Great Lakes Illinois 50 44

 

Indiana 5 4

 

Michigan 1 1

 

Ohio 7 6

 

Total 63 55%
New England Maine 3 3

 

Massachusetts 2 2

 

New Hampshire 2 2

 

Rhode Island 1 2

 

Total 8 7%
North East Maryland 2 2

 

New Jersey 1 1

 

New York 18 15

 

Pennsylvania 3 3

 

Total 24 21%
South East North Carolina 3 3

 

Total 3 3%
South Central Kentucky 7 6

 

Missouri 6 5

 

Tennessee 1 1

 

Total 14 12%
Europe Ireland 2 2

 

Total 2 2%
Racial Distribution Race Black 5 4%

 

Mulatto 16 14%

 

White 93 82%

 

Total 114 100%

Source:  U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Population Schedules of the Eighth Census of the United States , 1860, Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois”

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