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Census Key: Agriculture

1880 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for HadleyTownship, Pike County, Illinois

When the census taker visited a farmhouse, he filled out an agriculture schedule in addition to a population schedule.  This made it possible for the U. S. government to assess farm production.  Manufacturing schedules were also used, but none were filed for Hadley Township. 

Not all farmers are included on these agriculture schedules.  Generally, only those who owned their farms are listed. 

Blank spaces are indicated with a long dash (—).

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Original Enumerator’s Schedule

New Philadelphia Project Database Field

Explanation

 

ID

Each record (one farmer) has a consecutive number.

Page No.

Page

 

The name of the person who conducts this farm

FirstName

Names are as the enumerator spelled them.  Sic is used rarely.  See Comments field for alternative surnames.

LastName

Tenure: Owner

Tenure

O = owner; R = rent for money; S = rent for shares

Tenure: Rents for fixed money rental

Tenure: Rents for shares of products

Acres of land: Improved: Tilled, including fallow and grass in rotation (where pasture or meadow)

Tilled

 

Acres of land: Improved: Permanent meadows, permanent pastures, orchards, vineyards

Meadow

 

Acres of land: Unimproved: Woodland and forest 

Wood

 

Acres of land: Unimproved: Other unimproved, including “old fields”not growing wood 

OtherUnimproved

 

Farm values: Of farm, including land, fences, and buildings

FarmValue

($)

Farm values: Of farming implements and machinery

Machinery

($)

Farm values: Of live stock

Livestock

($)

Fences: Cost of building and repairing in 1879

Fence

($)

Cost of fertilizers purchased in 1879

 

Omitted, no entries for Hadley Tp.

Labor: Amount paid of wages for farm labor during 1879, including value of board 

Wages

($)

Labor: Weeks hired labor in 1879 upon farm (and dairy) excluding housework

Weeks

 

Estimated value of all farm productions (sold, consumed, or on hand) for 1879 

Products

($)

Grass lands: Acreage 1879: Mown

Mown

 

Grass lands: Acreage 1879: Not mown

NotMown

 

Grass lands: Products harvested in 1879: Hay

Hay

(tons)

Grass lands: Products harvested in 1879: Clover seed

Clover

(bushels)

Grass lands: Products harvested in 1879: Grass seed

Grass

(bushels)

Horses of all ages on hand June 1, 1880

Horses

 

Mules and asses, all ages, on hand June 1, 1880

Mules

 

Neat cattle and their products: On hand June 1, 1880:

Working oxen

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Neat cattle and their products: On hand June 1, 1880: Milch cows

Milch

 

Neat cattle and their products: On hand June 1, 1880: Other

OtherCattle

 

Neat cattle and their products: Movement, 1879:

Calves dropped

Calves

 

Neat cattle and their products: Movement, 1879:

Cattle of all ages: Purchased

PurchasedCattle

 

Neat cattle and their products: Movement, 1879:

Cattle of all ages: Sold living

SoldCattle

 

Neat cattle and their products: Movement, 1879:

Cattle of all ages: Slaughtered

SlaughteredCattle

 

Neat cattle and their products: Movement, 1879:

Cattle of all ages: Died, strayed, and stolen, and not recovered

LostCattle

 

Neat cattle and their products: Milk sold or sent to butter and cheese factories in 1879

Milk

(gallons)

Neat cattle and their products: Butter made on the farm in1879

Butter

(lbs.)

Neat cattle and their products: Cheese made on the farm in 1879

Cheese

(lbs.)

Sheep: On hand June 1, 1880

Sheep

 

Sheep: Lambs dropped

Lambs

 

Sheep: Movement, 1879: Purchased

PurchasedSheep

 

Sheep: Movement, 1879: Sold living

SoldSheep

 

Sheep: Movement, 1879: Slaughter

SlaughteredSheep

 

Sheep: Movement, 1879: Killed by dogs

KilledSheep

 

Sheep: Movement, 1879: Died of disease

DiseaseSheep

 

Sheep: Movement, 1879: Died of stress of weather

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Sheep: Clip, spring 1880, shorn and to be shorn: Fleece

Fleece

 

Sheep: Clip, spring 1880, shorn and to be shorn: Weight

ClipWt

(lbs.)

Swine: On hand June 1, 1880

Swine

 

Poultry on hand June 1, 1880, exclusive of spring hatching: Barn-yard

YardPoultry

 

Poultry on hand June 1, 1880, exclusive of spring hatching: Other

OtherPoultry

 

Eggs produced in 1879

Eggs

(dozens)

Cereals: Barley, 1879: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Cereals: Barley, 1870: Crop

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Cereals: Buckwheat, 1879: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Cereals:  Buckwheat, 1879: Crop

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Cereals: Indian Corn, 1879: Acres

CornAcres

 

Cereals: Indian Corn, 1879: Crop

CornCrop

(bushels)

Cereals: Oats, 1879: Acres

OatAcres

 

Cereals: Oats, 1879: Crop

OatCrop

(bushels)

Cereals: Rye, 1879: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Cereals: Rye, 1879: Crop

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Cereals: Wheat, 1879: Acres

WheatAcres

 

Cereals: Wheat, 1879: Crop

WheatCrop

(bushels)

Pulse: Canada peas (dry) in 1879

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Pulse: Beans (dry) in 1879

Beans

(bushels)

Fiber: Flax, 1879: Area in crop

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Fiber: Flax, 1879: Seed

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Fiber: Flax, 1879: Straw

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Fiber: Flax, 1879: Fiber

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Fiber: Hemp: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Fiber: Hemp: Tons

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Sugar: Sorghum, 1879: Acres in crop

SorghumAcres

 

Sugar: Sorghum, 1879: Sugar

SorghumSugar

(lbs.)

Sugar: Maple, 1879: Molasses

SorghumMolasses

(gallons)

Broom corn,1879: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Broom corn, 1879: Lbs.

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Hops: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Hops: Crop

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Potatoes (Irish): Acres

PotatoAcres

 

Potatoes (Irish): Crop

PotatoCrop

(bushels)

Potatoes (Sweet): Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Potatoes (Sweet): Crop

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Tobacco: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Tobacco: Crop

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Orchards, 1879: Apple: Acres

AppleAcres

 

Orchards, 1879: Apple: Bearing trees

AppleTrees

 

Orchards, 1879: Apple: Bushels

AppleCrop

(bushels)

Orchards, 1879: Peach: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Orchards, 1879: Peach: Bearing trees

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Orchards, 1879: Peach: Bushels

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Orchards: Total value of orchard products of all kinds sold or consumed

Orchard

($)

Nurseries: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Nurseries: Value of produce sold in 1879

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Vineyards: Acres

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Vineyards: Grapes sold in 1879

Grapes

(lbs.)

Vineyards: Wine made in 1879

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Market gardens: value of produce sold in 1879

Produce

($)

Bees, 1879: Honey

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Bees, 1879: Wax

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

Forest Products: Amount of wood cut in 1879

WoodCut

(cords)

Forest Products: Values of all forest products sold or consumed in 1879

WoodSold

($)

 

Family

Family number of this farmer on the 1880 population schedule.

 

Comments

Discrepancies between names on this agriculture schedule and the 1880 population schedule.  Problems encountered in reading the enumerator’s handwriting.


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