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Census Key: Agriculture

1870 U.S. Census: Agriculture Schedules for HadleyTownship, Pike County, Illinois

On the “Post Office” line on page 9, the enumerator has written “Beverly, Adams Co.”  Although it is in another county, Beverly is the township immediately north of Hadley Tp.

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Original Enumerator’s Schedule

New Philadelphia Project Database Field

Explanation

 

ID

Each record (one person) has a consecutive number.

Page No.

Page

 

Post Office

PostOffice

 

Dwelling-houses numbered in the order of visitation

Dwelling

 

Families numbered in the order of visitation

Family

 

The name of every person whose place of abode on the first day of June, 1870, was in this family.

FirstName

Names are as the enumerator spelled them.  Sic is used rarely.  See Comments field for alternative surnames.

LastName

Description: Age at last birthday

Age

Age in years.  For children under 1, we entered 0.

AgeMos

For children under 1, their age in months.

Description: Sex

Sex

m = male; f = female

Description: Color {white, black, mulatto, Chinese or Indian

Color

w = white; b = black; m = mulatto

Profession, occupation, or trade of each male person over 15 years of age

Occupation

Spelling is corrected.

Value of real estate owned:

Value of real estate

RealEstate

 

Value of estate owned:

Value of personal estate

PersonalProperty

 

Place of birth, naming the state, territory or country

PlaceOfBirth

We use standard USPS abbreviations for states.  Foreign countries are written out in full.  Spelling is corrected.

Parentage: Father of foreign birth

FatherForeign

✓= yes

Parentage: Mother of foreign birth

MotherForeign

✓= yes

If born within the year, state the month

BornInYear

✓= yes

If married within the year, state the month

MarriedInYear

✓= yes

Attended school within the year

School

✓= yes

Education: cannot read

Illiterate

✓= cannot read, cannot write, or can do neither

Education: cannot write

Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict

DeafEtc

 

Constitutional relations: Male citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards

Male21

✓= yes

Male citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards where rights to vote is denied on other grounds than rebellion or other crime

 

Omitted, none in Hadley Tp.

 

AgSched

✓= This farmer is listed on the 1870 agriculture schedule.

 

Comments

(Alternate surname spellings found in 1850-80 censuses for Hadley Tp.)  Discrepancies between names on this population schedule and the 1870 agriculture schedule.  Problems encountered in reading the enumerator’s handwriting.  Extra notations by enumerator.

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