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1880 New Philadelphia Federal Census

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Census Number
Name First Race Sex Age Relation Marital Occupation **Origin
179
Shipman Fred W M 31 Head Married Farmer IL
Lucy W F 26 Wife Married Keeping house IL
Eugene W M 5 Son Single At home IL
Wm W M 3 Son Single At home IL
Cora E W F 1 Daughter Single At home IL
180
Kellum Zilon? W M 47 Head Married Farmer IL
Lydia M W F 43 Wife Married Keeping house NY
Wm W M 22 Son Single Store keeper IL
Emory W M 19 Son Single Farm laborer IL
Delos W M 17 Son Single Farm laborer IL
Jennie May W F 5 Daughter Single At home IL
Hadsell Mary I W F 17 Niece Single House servant IL
181
Butler Wm B M 27 Head Married Farm laborer MO
Katie M F 22 Wife Married Keeping house MO
Mary M F 1 Daughter Single At home IL
182
Baker Sylvester W M 53 Head Married Farmer OH
Mary W F 52 Wife Married Keeping house OH
Jane W F 17 Daughter Single At home IL
Ann W F 12 Daughter Single At home IL
183
Welburn Wm W M 28 Head Married Farmer England
Josephine W F 28 Wife Married Keeping house IL
Melvin W M 4 Son Single At home IL
Mary W F 2 Daughter Single At home IL
Baby W F 1 mo Daughter Single At home IL
184
McWorter Louise M F 54 Head Widow Keeping house KY
Lucy J. M F 34 Daughter Single At home IL
George M M 28 Son Single Farm laborer IL
Clark Kasiah M F 76 Mother Widow Boarding KY
Jones Charles W M M 15 Abandoned child Single Laborer IL
185
Spear Martin B M 58 Head Married Laborer MO
Elizabeth M F 44 Wife Married Keeping house TN
John M M 23 Son Widower Laborer MO
Eddie M M 11 Son Single At home MO
Corina M F 22 Daughter-in-law Married Boarding MO
186
Brown Henry W M 59 Head Married Laborer IL
Brown Eliza M F 53 Wife Married Keeping house OH
Luella W F 15 Daughter Single At home IL
Wm W M 12 Son Single At home IL
187
Smith JC W M 43 Head Married Farmer VA?
Barbara W F 39 Wife Married Keeping house IN
George E W M 18 Son Single Farm hand OH
Joseph W M 15 Son Single Farm hand OH
James F. W M 10 Son Single At home OH
Jesse W M 9 Son Single At home OH
Cora W F 7 Daughter Single At home OH
Henry A W M 1 Son Single At home IL
188
Kellum Marquis W M 43 Head Married Farmer OH
Sarah W F 33 Wife Married Keeping house IL
Flora W F 5 Daughter Single At home IL
Elizabeth W F 2 Daughter Single At home IL
Charles G W M 1 mo Son Single At home IL
Smith Charles W M 30 Boarder Married Boarding OH
189
Gray Benj. W M 41 Head Married Blacksmith IL
Eliz. W F 32 Wife Married Keeping house PA
Lena W F 10 Daughter Single At home IL
Gerta W F 8 Daughter Single At home IL
Nina W F 1 Daughter Single At home IL
190
Dickerson James W M 37 Head Married Farmer IL
Mattie W F 27 Wife Married Keeping house IL
Ida W F 12 Daughter Single At home NB
191
Hadsell Wm W M 57 Head Married Farmer England
Jane W F 58 Wife Married Keeping house OH
192
Hadsell John W M 25 Head Married Farmer IL
Sarah W F 24 Wife Married Keeping house IL
Maud W F 10 mos Daughter Single At home IL
193
Gibbins Wm W M 54 Head Married Farmer OH
Laura P W F 47 Wife Married Keeping house Canada
Alice W F 21 Daughter Single At home IL
Albert W M 21 Son Single School teacher IL
George W M 19 Son Single Laborer IL
Willard W M 17 Son Single Laborer IL
Nathan W M 14 Son Single Laborer IL
Anna W F 11 Daughter Single At home IL
Ida W F 6 Daughter Single At home IL
Lula W F 4 Daughter Single At home IL
194
Hadsell Frank W M 31 Head Married Farmer IL
Anna W F 25 Wife Married Keeping house IL
Harry W M 5 Son Married At home IL
Crowder Eliz W F 66 Boarding Widow Boarding OH
195
Hadsell Philander W M 62 Head Married Farmer NY
Sara W F 54 Wife Married Keeping house IN
Philander W M 23 Son Single Farm hand IL
John W M 20 Son Single Farm hand IL
McKinney Emma W F 7 Granddaughter Single At home IL

Analysis of New Philadelphia Federal Census for 1880

By 1880 the population of New Philadelphia had plummeted to 84 individuals, a reduction of 31% from the 122 individuals reported in 1870 and a 48% decline from the town's population peak of 160 residents in 1865. The number of 17 households in 1880 represents a reduction of 41% from the town's peak of 29 households in 1865.

While New Philadelphia's population declined, the state of Illinois' population continued to grow. In 1880, the state's population included 3,077,871 people, an increase of 21.2% over 1870's number of 2,539,891.

Black individuals living in Illinois now numbered 46,368 representing 1.5% of the state's total population, and reflected an increase of 61.2% over the 28,762 included on the 1870 federal census. In New Philadelphia, white residents, 70 individuals, or 83% of the population, continued to maintain the majority racial representation of the town. New Philadelphia's 14 black and mulatto individuals represented the minority, 17% of the populace.

Most of New Philadelphia's townsfolk, 20 individuals, or 24% of the total population continued to be occupied in farming. That number represents 64%, or 31 individuals gainfully employed outside the home. A school teacher, a store keeper, a house servant and a blacksmith also lived in the town. Thirty-two individuals, 38% of the populace, were recorded as "at home." For children "too young to be involved in production," census enumerators were instructed to mark the occupation column of the census form "at home." The town's 28 children 14 years of age and under are reflected in the "at home" group. However, other individuals listed as "at home" ranged from infants to 34 years of age, another indication that census enumerators sometimes took liberty with interpretation of their instructions.

The majority of the town's residents, 67 individuals, or 80% of the population, originated from the Great Lakes region of the United States. Fifty-two individuals, or 62% of the population, were Illinois natives, including 29 adults and 23 children under 14 years of age.

New Philadelphia Federal Census-1880
Total residents: 84 Total households: 17

Occupational distribution
Occupation Number Employed Percent of population Percent of employed
Blacksmith 1 1 3
Farmer 12 14 39
Farm Hand 4 5 13
Farm laborer 4 5 13
House servant 1 1 3
Laborer 7 8 23
School teacher 1 1 3
Store keeper 1 1 3

Total employed outside home

31 35 100%
Not employed outside home

 

 

 

At home 32 38%

 

Boarder 4 6%

 

Keeping house 17 20%

 

Total not employed outside home 53 64%

 

Geographic Distribution: Place of origin
Region State/Country Number Percent of Residents
Great Lakes Illinois 52 62

 

Indiana 2 2

 

Ohio 13 15

 

Total

67

80%

North East New York 2 2

 

Pennsylvania 1 1

 

Total 3 3%
Plains Nebraska 1 1

 

Total 1 1%
South East Virgina 1 1

 

Total 1 1%
South Central Kentucky 2 2

 

Missouri 6 7

 

Tennessee 1 1

 

Total 9 10%
Europe England 2 2

 

Total 2 2%
North America Canada 1 1

 

Total 1 1%
Racial Distribution Race Black 2 3%

 

Mulatto 12 14%

 

White 70 83%

 

Total 84 100%

States by Region
New England North East South East
Connecticut Delaware Florida
Maine District of Columbia Georgia
Massachusetts Maryland North Carolina
New Hampshire New Jersey South Carolina
Rhode Island New York Virginia
Vermont Pennsylvania

 

 

West Virginia

 

South Central South West Great Lakes
Alabama Arizona Illinois
Arkansas New Mexico Indiana
Kentucky Oklahoma Michigan
Louisiana Texas Minnesota
Mississippi

 

Ohio
Tennessee

 

Wisconsin
Missouri

 

 

Plains Mountain Pacific
Iowa Colorado Alaska
Kansas Idaho California
Nebraska Montana Hawaii
North Dakota Utah Oregon
South Dakota Wyoming Washington

Source: 1990 Omini-Gazetteer of the United States of America

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