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1865 New Philadelphia State Census

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Last name First Race
Number in House
Value Livestock
Pounds wool
Kellum E W
3
200
Elder H. W
7
500
30
Hammon Richard W
9
300
Wackman W W
7
500
Gray Anson W
6
800
20
Bower Wm W
4
150
Baker S W
4
400
Burdick L. W
4
Sendmer? A W
3
Taylor Martha W
1
Cobb A. B. W
6
100
Spier Charl. W
3
Smith Perry W
4
Hadsell L. W
4
Ball F. B
7
150
Turley R B
6
Clark A B
6
50
Clark W B
7
200
Waggman Moses B
6
700
4
McWorter Louisa B
4
300
(McQuarter)
Wassell Wm. W
5
700
100
Cornwell J. W
4
150
Gibbens Wm W
6
500
Hadsell P W
8
900
100
Stoddard J. W
5
50
Thoma T. B
12
800
Woodward E.B. W
9
900
50
Bennett F. W
3
1500
50
Ayer Wm W
7
200

 

Analysis of New Philadelphia State Census for 1865

New Philadelphia's population peaked in 1865 with 160 individuals living in 29 households. Those 160 individuals represent an increase of 40% from the 114 residents reported in 1860 and 175% from the 58 individuals reported on the 1850 census only fifteen years earlier. The 29 households recorded in 1865 represented a 21% increase from 24 households in 1860 and 163% more than the 11 reported in 1850 (State of Illinois Census 1860).

The total value of livestock owned by the town's residents in 1865 totaled $8,700, an increase of $5,470, or 169%, more than ten years earlier in 1855. However, only nine of the town's 29 households, or 31%, reported owning livestock; while in 1855, 14 of the town's 15 households, or 93% reported owning livestock. Seven, or 24%, of the town's households reported the production of 354 pounds of wool. Wool production was not reported on the 1855 census (State of Illinois Census 1865). The Illinois state census did not report geographic origin or occupational distribution.

New Philadelphia remained a bi-racial town, but the majority, 112 individuals, or 70%, of the population was white; 48 individuals, or 30%, were recorded as black. Although the majority of residents were white, the number of black and mulatto individuals had more than doubled in just five years, from 21 to 48 individuals (State of Illinois Census 1865). The large influx of black and mulatto residents may be attributed to the migration of formerly enslaved people moving from the South to settle in this bi-racial town.

New Philadelphia State Census-1865
Total number of households: 29

 

Total number of residents: 160

 

Total value of livestock: $8,700

 

Livestock value per household: $300

 

Total pounds of wool produced: 354

 

Pounds of wool produced per household: 12

 

Racial distribution

 

 

Race Number of Individuals Percent of Population
Black 48 30%
White 112 70%
Total 160 100%

Source: 1865 Illinois State Census

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