New Philadelphia

Reports

Recent Research

Links

FAQ's

Press

Fieldschool

People and Partners

  Descendant Communities
  Newspaper Archive
  Home
 

 

1850 New Philadelphia Federal Census

printer friendly version
go to analysis
back to census menu

Census Number Name First Name
Age
Sex Race Occupation *Origin
Real Estate Value
405 Bowman John H.
36
M W None KY
Eliz.
36
F W Blank IN
Robt.
15
M W None IN
Eliz.A
10
F W Blank IN
John D
6
M W Blank IL
Philander
5 mos
M W Blank IL
406 (Burdick) Berdick Spalder
63
M W Shoemaker RI
150
Ann
55
F W Blank MA
John
14
M W Blank NY
Benj.
9
M W Blank NY
407 Kittle DA
29
M W Merchant? OH
200
Sophie A.
29
F W Blank OH
408 Pottle James
38
M W Cabinet Maker MA
Phoeby
28
F W Blank MA
James H.
3
M W Blank MA
409 Pawlin Nathan
28
M W Wheelwright NJ
200
Ruth
18
F W Blank MA
410 Luce CS
42
M W Bapt. Preacher ME
Sally P.
41
F W Blank NH
George DB
15
M W Farmer ME
Moses A.
8
M W Blank IL
411 McWorter Squire
33
M M Farmer KY
1,000
Louisa
26
F M Blank Ky
Lucy J.
5
F M Blank IL
Squire
3
M M Blank IL
George
1
M M Blank IL
Mary A
22
F W Blank England
Mary
3
F M Blank Canada
Lucy
5 mos.
F M Blank IL
412 Clark Casiah
44
F M Blank KY
300
Simeon
24
M M Blank KY
Alexandria
13
M M Blank IN
Mary
16
F M Blank IL
James M.
18
M M Blank IL
Thomas
11
M M Blank ME
Alex
18
F B Blank VA
John S.
80
M B Blank MD
413 Cox Mary
54
F W Blank TN
Alvira
36
F M Blank TN
Pharea
14
M M Blank TN
Samuel
12
M M Blank TN
John
10
M M Blank TN
Campbell
6
M M Blank IL
Mary C
3
F M Blank IL
Nancy A.
1
F M Blank IL
414 Tailor Aurelius
35
M W Shoemaker Canada
Laura
35
F W Blank NY?
Edward
16
M W Laborer NY?
Cordelia
15
F W Blank NY
Altha
10
F W Blank MI
Amelia
6
F W Blank MI
Noble D
4
M W Blank MI
Jane
2
F W Blank IL
415 Hadsell Adam C
43
M W Farmer MA
50
Electa
35
F W Blank NY
Darwin
16
M W Farmer NY
Henry B
13
M W Blank NY
Harriet A
6
F W Blank NY

 

Analysis of New Philadelphia Federal Census for 1850

Determining the inhabitants of New Philadelphia was challenging since the federal manuscript census of 1850 makes no mention of the town of Philadelphia or New Philadelphia; residents are recorded only as free inhabitants in Township Five S.(outh) Five W(est) in the County of Pike State of Illinois (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1850). Supported by land deed records, oral histories and the account of Juliet E. K. Walker, who wrote that Frank McWorter and his family did not live in New Philadelphia, but directly north of the town, the first manuscript census entry following the names of Frank, Lucy McWorter and their children were considered to be the beginning of New Philadelphias census (Walker 1983:109). Subsequent listings for individuals whose occupations were recorded as farmers were included as were a cabinet maker, a wheelwright, a Baptist preacher and two shoemakers who, according to Walker, formed the towns business hub (Walker 1983:131).

The names of Squire, Louisa McWorter and their family were also markers to determine the towns residents of 1850, since it is reported that Squire McWorter lived within the town (Walker 1983:131; Matteson 1964:19). Following his death in 1855, the names of Squire McWorters family are absent from the federal census roll of 1860 and the state census of 1865. However, census research located the family, along with Kaziah Clark, mother of Louisa McWorter, Squires wife, lived some 25 miles away in the area of Quincy, Illinois, in 1860. The census enumerator incorrectly recorded the name as McQuarter. Louisa McWorter, her mother Kaziah Clark, and other family members appear again on the 1870 and 1880 federal census rolls and are included as residents of New Philadelphia for those years (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1860).

The poor quality of census microfilms at both the National Archives and the Family Research Facility of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Saints also contributed to the difficulty of compiling not only an accurate account of New Philadelphia residents, but their characteristics. The penmanship of census enumerators was sometimes difficult to decipher and further complicated by the procedure followed by the census taker in recording statistics. For example, instructions required census enumerators to indicate race with a B for black and M for mulatto. For white individuals, the space was to remain blank. On the 1850 federal census, the race entry for Frank McWorter was correctly marked M. The quotation mark next to the names of Lucy, Sallie, Sarah, Francis, Solomon and Commodore seemed to be a ditto mark, since they, like Frank, were mulatto. However, the race column next to Frank and Lucys daughters, Lucy A., Pernelia were left blank, while the column next to son Commodores name has only a tick mark (www.ipums.umn.edu/usa/voliii/1st 1850.html). All of these issues had direct implications for the Bowman family who were listed on the census directly following the McWorters and considered to be residents of New Philadelphia (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1850).

Markings in the race column for the Bowman family on the 1850 federal census are confusing. The tick marks that appear in the race column for these individuals can be interpreted as a ditto, indicating the Bowmans, like the McWorters, were mulatto (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1860). However, a search for the Bowman family on subsequent census records seem to indicate that all the members of the Bowman family were white (U.S. Bureau of the Census, Pleasant Vale Township, Illinois 1860). Based on that information and the knowledge that subsequent entries for Kittle, Pawlin and Pottle (for whom a tick mark also appears in the race column) were white, the assumption in this analysis of New Philadelphias census data is that the Bowman family was white (Walker 1983:131-132),

Based on the preceding information, it was determined that 58 residents in 11 households called New Philadelphia home in 1850. The majority, 62% or 36 individuals, of New Philadelphias population was white; 38% of the towns residents, 22 individuals, were black or mulatto. The representation of black individuals was far above the state of Illinois, which reported only 0.6% black residents (U. S. Bureau of the Census 1850).

Most of New Philadelphias residents, 37% or 22 individuals, were born in the Great Lakes region of the country. Twenty-two percent of the townsfolk, 13 individuals, originated from the state of Illinois. The next highest representation came from the New England and the North Eastern regions, each with eleven, or 19% of New Philadelphias residents (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1850; 1990 Omni-Gazetteer of the U. S.)

In 1850, New Philadelphias residents were involved in a variety of occupations. The town boasted a Baptist preacher, one cabinetmaker, a laborer, a merchant, one wheelwright and two shoemakers. Eleven of the towns residents, or 20% of the population were employed outside the home. The majority, 36%, or 4 individuals, were farmers. No occupation was given for 47 individuals, or 81% of the population, which includes 28 children 15 years of age and under, or 48% of the population (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1850). The variety of occupations practiced by town residents may be inferred to confirm reports that farmers from nearby communities frequented the businesses of New Philadelphias tradesmen (Matteson 1964:19; Walker 1983:145).

 

New Philadelphia Federal Census-1850
Total residents 58
Total households 11
Total value of real estate owned $1,900
Average per household $173.00

Occupational distribution
Occupation Number Employed Percent of population Percent of employed
Baptist Preacher 1 2 9
Cabinet maker 1 2 9
Farmer 4 7 36
Laborer 1 2 9
Merchant 1 2 9
Shoemaker 2 3 18
Wheelwright 1 2 9

Total employed outside home

11 20% 100%

Not employed outside home
No occupation 2 3%
Column left blank 45 78%
Total not employed outside home 47 81%

 

Geographic Distribution: Place of origin
Region State/Country Number Percent of Residents
Great Lakes Illinois 13 22

 

Indiana 4 7

 

Michigan 3 5

 

Ohio 2 3

 

Total 22 37%
New England Maine 3 5

 

Massachusetts 6 10

 

New Hampshire 1 2

 

Rhode Island 1 2

 

Total 11 19%
North East Maryland 1 2

 

New Jersey 1 2

 

New York 9 16

 

Total 11 20%
South East Virginia 1 2

 

Total 1 2%
South Central Kentucky 5 9

 

Tennessee 5 9

 

Total 10 18%
Europe England 1 2

 

Total 1 2%
North America Canada 2 3

 

Total 2 3%
Racial Distribution Race Black 2 3%

 

Mulatto 20 35%

 

White 36 62%

 

Total 58 100%

Source:  U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Population Schedules of the Eighth Census of the United States, 1860, Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois”

back to census menu

Back to top

© 2003-2006
University of Maryland